Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) was born November 2, 1755 in...
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Queen Victoria was the longest reigning British Monarch; her reign lasted for more than 63 years. During this time period, rightfully termed the Victorian era, there were vast changes in the British society. Britain was at the pinnacle of the Industrial Revolution, where new advances in science and technology flourished and brought about a booming economy.
Queen Victoria was born on May 24th, 1819 at Kensington Palace in London. She was the only daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Princess Victoria Maria Louise of Saxe-Coburg and the granddaughter of King George III of the United Kingdom.
Queen Victoria ascended the throne on June 20th, 1837 at the age of 18. She married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840 and gave birth to nine children. She survived seven assignations attempts and lived to the age of 82. Her life ended on January 22, 1901 at Osbourne House on the Isle of Wight, as a venerable, old woman.
During her reign she oversaw the expansion of the British Empire into the greatest global economic power at the time. She was a beloved Monarch and became a symbol for morality and family values.
Queen Victoria was also the first known carrier for haemophilia in the royal line. This trait was passed on to several of her descendents including her granddaughter Alexandra Fyodorovna the last Tsarina of Russia. Alexandra’s son, Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich Romanov would later be born with this tragic disease.
The Queen and all her female line descendents are known to be members of the mitochondrial haplotype H.